Resource mobilisation for the implementation of sewerage and sanitation works
- Planning and construction up sewerage and sanitation infrastructure and facilities – National Public works
- Setting and monitoring standards for provision of sewerage and sanitation services
- Determine and prescribe standards for asset development for water service providers and monitor compliance
- Management of national sanitation and sewerage works
- Providing technical services and capacity building to County Governments as may be requested
- Protection of consumers through regulation of tariffs for water and sanitation services
- Maintaining a national database and information systems on sewerage and sanitation services
- Coordination of water sector players
- Active participation in the inter-sectorial coordination for sanitation including harmonisation of data with the Ministry of Health and Central Bureau of Statistics
- Conducting research on sewerage and sanitation
Constitution reference-2: Article 42. (OnEnvironment).Every person has the right to a clean and healthy environment, which includes the right—
(a) to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations through legislative and other measures
- Controlling discharge of pollutants, including sewage effluents, into water courses through issuance of permits
- Issuing licence conditions to water service providers requiring release of sewage effluent that meet environmental standards
- Encouraging water service providers to enter into agreement with third parties for the protection of water sources as necessary.
Policy position of the Government under the Ministry of Water and Sanitation with reference to sanitation
Overall Objective of the MWS is: Accelerate coverage of sanitation with technologies protecting the environment and reusing effluent and excreta.
The specific policy objectives are:
- Improve operation of sewer treatment / sewer systems and accelerate their extensions through the regulatory framework.
- Enhance enforcement of sanitation standards including pre-treatment by industries prior to discharging into water bodies or public sewer networks
- Promote Efficient disposal of waste water at user level (closing the loop)
- Protect water resources and prevent flooding of human settlements by insufficient treated effluent by introducing sanitation technologies with safe disposal of excreta and effluent.
- Increase coverage of sanitation and access to public sanitation for the improvement of the living condition of individuals and for a contribution to public health.
- Promote the economic benefits of wastewater (creating jobs and income) by encouraging the reuse of the effluent including biogas and manure whenever possible and appropriate.
- Promote concurrent development of water and sanitation facilities in order to reach overarching national goals.
- Develop a framework of action and solicit full support and commitment from all stakeholders involved in the water sector for sanitation. The benefits of the reform so far generated for water supply shall also be made available for sanitation. The growing implementation capacities at water sector institutions and the potential of the increasing well-functioning funding mechanism shall also be used to improve access to sanitation.
- Mobilize increasing funds for sanitation and provide incentives for implementation.
- Concentrate on the sanitation hot spots including the densely populated urban low income areas and other underserved regions.
Ministerial efforts towards improving sanitation in the whole country
Overall Approach: –
The constitutional requirement of the right of every Kenyan citizen to have access to reasonable standards of sanitation has been aligned with the Kenya Vision 2030 and with regional and global agenda which include Agenda 2063 of the African Union and the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the plans are mainstreamed to the two levels of government.
- Access to improved sanitation installations is important for human dignity, self-esteem, gender equality and poverty reduction
- Sewerage and sanitation coverage is low while the demand is high; its development therefore requires acceleration
- Intervention in sanitation requires combined efforts with players in other related sectors like health and environment and at different levels
- Waste water disposal is inseparable from water supply provision
- Promotion of sustainability through cost recovery which may include charging of sewerage services levy, monitoring environmental factors
- Promotion of recycling of industrial water and waste water from individual supply systems
- Collaboration with donor partners, beneficiary communities, Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs) and private sector in mobilising the necessary human and financial resources required for sewerage/sanitation undertaking. This will also include development and management.
- Supporting appropriate sanitation options, especially in rural areas, as a means of improving health through participatory planning, training and research
- Monitoring progress towards realisation of sewerage and sanitation goals